Rabies is a virus that affects the brain and spinal cord of all mammals, including dogs, cats, and humans. Rabies is responsible for more than 50,000 deaths in humans and millions in animals worldwide annually. Rabies is primarily passed through a bite from an infected animal. It can also be transmitted through a scratch or when infected saliva makes contact with an open, fresh wound. Some symptoms of rabies are extreme behavioral changes, hypersensitivity to touch, light or sound, paralysis of the throat and jaw muscles and, the most commonly recognized, foaming of the mouth. Because of the human health risk, rabies vaccination is required by law for all dogs and cats.
Canine Distemper is a virus that affects a dog's gastrointestinal, respiratory and central nervous systems and the conjunctival membranes of the eye. Canine Distemper is often fatal and needs to be reported immediately. Canine Distemper is passed from dog to dog through direct contact with fresh urine, blood or saliva and/or sneezing, coughing and sharing food and water bowls. Some symptoms of distemper are sneezing, coughing, thick mucus coming from the eyes and nose, lethargy, and sudden vomiting and diarrhea. Distemper is the "D" in the DHPP vaccine.
Canine hepatitis is a highly contagious viral infection that affects the liver, kidneys, spleen, lungs, and eyes. It mostly affects young dogs under one year of age, though it can affect adults. Canine hepatitis can be transmitted through direct contact with infected saliva, urine, or feces. Hepatitis is the "H" in the DHPP vaccine.
Canine parainfluenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease that is frequently confused with kennel cough. Canine parainfluenza is an acute inflammation of the upper airways. The disease can progress to pneumonia in puppies or chronic bronchitis in older dogs. The canine parainfluenza virus is transmitted through contact with the nasal secretions of dogs that are infected with the disease. Parainfluenza is the first "P" in the DHPP vaccine.
Parvovirus attacks the white blood cells and rapidly dividing cells in a dog's body, most severely affecting the intestinal tract. Parvovirus can damage the heart muscle and cause lifelong cardiac problems in young animals that are infected. This makes the parvovirus especially deadly in puppies. Parvovirus is extremely contagious and can be transmitted by any person, animal or object that comes in contact with an infected dog's feces. Parvovirus is highly resistant to most disinfectants and can live in the environment for months. Some symptoms of parvovirus are lethargy, severe vomiting, loss of appetite and bloody, foul smelling diarrhea. Parvovirus is the second "P" in the DHPP vaccine.
Bordetella (Kennel Cough)
Kennel cough is both viral and bacterial and causes inflammation of the trachea and lung bronchi. It usually causes what is described as a "hacking" cough. Kennel cough is passed from dog to dog from aerosols in the air or germs from contaminated objects. The most common way kennel cough is spread is in enclosed areas with poor air circulation like boarding kennels and animal shelters.
Canine Influenza Virus causes severe upper respiratory symptoms that can progress to a fatal pneumonia. This severe viral disease is a newly recognized condition seen mostly as outbreaks in large canine populations housed closely together such as in crowded boarding kennels. Many boarding kennels have started requiring this vaccine.
Leptospirosis is a disease that affects the liver and kidneys caused by infection with Leptospira bacteria. These bacteria can be found worldwide in soil and water and are shed in the urine of an infected animal. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease, which means it can be spread from animals to people. Common risk factors for leptospirosis in dogs include exposure to or drinking from rivers, lakes or streams; roaming on rural properties (because of exposure to potentially infected wildlife, farm animals, or water sources); exposure to wild animal or farm animal species, even if in the backyard; and contact with rodents or other dogs.
Lyme disease (borreliosis) is an infectious, tick-borne disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a type of bacteria called a spirochete. It can cause fever, lameness, swelling in the joints, swollen lymph nodes, lethargy, and loss of appetite. In rarer cases, untreated lyme disease can lead to neurologic signs or severe kidney disease.
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) is an infectious disease caused by the feline herpesvirus and is a major cause of upper respiratory disease in cats. It is the most common cause of conjunctivitis. Some symptoms of FVR are inflammation of the tissues that line the eyelids and surround the eyes, excessive blinking, and discharges from the eyes and nose. The virus can infect cats of all ages. Rhinotracheitis is the "FVR" in the cat FVRCP vaccine.
Feline Calicivirus is one of many upper respiratory infections that affect felines. While they rarely cause death in adult cats, they often cause serious illness and death in young kittens. Calicivirus is transmitted by direct contact with infected eye, mouth, or nose discharge. Calicivirus is the "C" in the cat FVRCP vaccine.
Feline panleukopenia virus is the parvovirus of cats. Like canine parvovirus, it is a life threatening disease that is highly contagious. Panleukopenia is transmitted through contact with an infected animal's bodily fluids or feces. It often presents as severe vomiting and diarrhea, but can also cause neurologic signs in kittens that are infected before birth. Panleukopenia is the "P" in the cat FVRCP vaccine.
Feline Leukemia Virus
Feline Leukemia Virus is is a transmittable RNA retrovirus that can severely inhibit a cat's immune system. FeLV is transmitted through direct contact (bites and scratches), mutual grooming and through sharing litter boxes, food and water bowls.
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PAWS - Potomac Animal Wellness Services
4618 Indian Head Hwy
Indian Head, MD 20640-1840
Phone: (301) 743-5411
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